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CPR Basics: How to Perform CPR for Beginners

CPR Basics: How to Perform CPR for Beginners

Nick Pierson |

When faced with a medical emergency, knowing how to perform CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) can mean the difference between life and death. CPR is a crucial skill that anyone can learn, and it can significantly increase the chances of survival for someone experiencing cardiac arrest. In this guide, we'll break down the steps of CPR into simple, easy-to-understand instructions for beginners.

To find a local Red Cross certified course CPR course near you, click here: 

  1. Learn CPR: The Basics of CPR for Beginners 

Step 1: Assess the Situation Before jumping into action, ensure the scene is safe for both you and the victim. Check for responsiveness by gently shaking the person and shouting, "Are you okay?" If there's no response, immediately call for emergency medical assistance.

Step 2: Perform Chest Compressions Place the heel of one hand on the center of the person's chest, between the nipples. Interlace your fingers and position your shoulders directly above your hands. With straight arms, push down on the chest, compressing it by about 2 inches. Perform chest compressions at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute. To help maintain the correct rhythm, think of songs like "Stayin' Alive" by the Bee Gees or "Another One Bites the Dust" by Queen.

Step 3: Open the Airway After 30 compressions, tilt the person's head back gently by lifting the chin. Lift the chin with one hand while pushing down on the forehead with the other hand. This maneuver helps to open the airway and allow for effective ventilation.

Step 4: Provide Rescue Breaths Pinch the person's nose closed and make a complete seal over their mouth with your own. Give two rescue breaths, each lasting about one second, while watching for the chest to rise. If the chest does not rise, reposition the head and try again.

Step 5: Continue CPR Alternate between 30 chest compressions and two rescue breaths until emergency medical help arrives or until the person shows signs of life. Remember to continue performing CPR without interruption until professional help takes over or the person starts breathing on their own.

Learning how to perform CPR can save lives in emergency situations. Consider taking a CPR certification course to receive hands-on training and certification in CPR techniques.

For further reading on CPR techniques and certification courses, here's another link for your reference: 

  1. How to Perform CPR: A Step-by-Step Guide 

Remember, being prepared and knowing how to respond in an emergency can make all the difference. Equip yourself with the knowledge and skills needed to be a lifesaver in your community.